Indian Cow Breeds

 

Indian Cow Breeds

 

Sahiwal

  • Mainly found in Punjab, Haryana, U.P, Delhi, Bihar and M.P.
  • Milk yield – Under village condition :1350 kgs
                   – Under commercial farms: 2100 kgs
  • Age at first calving -32-36 months
  • Calving interval – 15 month


Gir

  • Mainly found in Gir forest areas of South Kathiawar
  • Milk yield   – Under village condition : 900 kgs
                     – Under commercial farms: 1600 kgs
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Tharparkar

  • Mainly found in Jodhpur, Kutch and Jaisalmer
  • Milk yield   – Under village condition :1660 kgs
                     – Under commercial farms: 2500 kgs


Karan Frie

Karan Frie was developed by artificially inseminating the Tharparkar cow breed found in Rajasthan with Holstein Friesian bulls. The Tharparkar cows, though average producers of milk, are highly valued for their ability to withstand hot and humid climate.

karan-frie breed

 

Red Sindhi

  • Mainly available in Punjab, Haryana, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Orissa.
  • Milk yield   – Under village condition :1100 kgs
                     – Under commercial farms: 1900 kgs

 

Ongole

  • Mainly found in Nellore, Krishna, Godavari and Guntur district of A.P.
  • Milk yield –1500 kgs
  • Bullocks are powerful for cart work and heavy ploughing.


Hariana

  • Mainly found in Karnal, Hisar and Gurgaon district of Haryana, Delhi and western M.P
  • Milk yield –1140 -4500 kgs
  • Bullocks are powerful for road transport and rapid ploughing


Kankrej

  • Mainly found in Guajrat
  • Milk yield – Under village condition :1300 kgs
                   – Under commercial farms : 3600 kgs
  • Age at first calving -36 to 42 months
  • Calving interval – 15 to 16 months
  • Bullocks are fast, active and strong. Good for plough and cart purpose
             

Deoni

  • Mainly found in North western and western parts of A.P.
  • Cows are good milk producers and bullocks are good for work


 

Amritmahal

  • Mainly found in Karnataka.
  • Best suitable for ploughing and transport


Hallikar

  • Mainly found in Tumkur, Hassan and Mysore districts of Karnataka


Khillar

Kangayam

  • Mainly found in Coimbatore, Erode, Namakkal, Karur and Dindigul districts of Tamil Nadu.
  • Best suited for ploughing and transport. Withstands hardy conditions.


 

Jersey

  • Age at first calving : 26-30 months
  • Intercalving – 13-14 months
  • Milk yield – 5000-8000 kgs
  • Dairy milk yield is found to be 20 lts whereas cross bred jersey, cow gives 8-10 lts per day.
  • In India this breed has acclimatized well especially in the hot and humid areas
 


Holstein Friesian

  • This breed is from Holland
  • Milk yield  - 7200-9000 kgs
  • This is by far the best dairy breed among exotic cattle regarding milk yield. On an average it gives 25 litres of milk per day, whereas a cross breed H.F. cow gives 10 - 15 lts per day.
  • It can perform well in coastal and delta areas


 

 

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